Railways / Germany: Electric Locomotives / Bombardier Traxx (185-186)
At the end of the 1990s, the DB freight devision required replacements for hundreds of old electric locomotives, primarily for the so-called → Einheitslokomotiven (= Standard electric locomotives). Due to the increasing international activities a double-system locomotive class was demanded, which is also able to work under the 25 kV AC system. The first engines were delivered in the year 2000 and became a bestseller: more than 400 locos were built for the DB, and orders by many private operators followed, so that a total of more than 1,000 locomotives were sold.
Railways / Germany: Electric Multiple Units / FLIRT 3 (427-429)
The FLIRT electric multiple units are manufactured by the Swiss company Stadler Rail AG. The designation FLIRT is an acronym and means "Flinker, leichter, innovativer Regional-Triebzug" (= agile, light, innovative regional multiple unit). The first unit was introduced in 2004. Since then, more than 1,000 units were sold in two to eight-car units in numerous countries. The FLIRT 3, which was inaugurated in 2013, got a completely new front design in addition to numerous further technical developments.You will find photos of these trains → here.
Railways / Germany: Electric Multiple Units / Twindexx Vario & KISS (445)
Under the designation class 445, the Bombardier "Twindexx Vario" and Stadler "KISS" double-decker electric multiple units for regional service with a maximum speed of 160 km/h are combined. The Twindexx Vario are in operation in several regional networks of Deutsche Bahn since early 2018. The KISS trains (the german acronym stands for "comfortable, innovative, high-performance suburban train") in Germany have only been purchased by the East-German railway company ODEG until now, operating them around Berlin since 2013.
Public Transport / Germany / Bremen
The Hanseatic City of Bremen has over 500,000 inhabitants. Together with Bremerhaven, which is located 50 kilometres to the north, it forms the federal state of Bremen, which is surrounded by Lower Saxony. Bremen's tram network consists of 8 lines, which run on a network of approx. 90 km. Operator of the tram and city buses is the → BSAG (Bremer Straßenbahn AG).
Public Transport / Benelux / Amsterdam
Amsterdam has a tram network with a length of approximately 95 km and four metro (underground) lines which are running on a network of about 43 kilometres (as of 2016). A special feature is the operation of the line 51 which runs in sections of both networks. The vehicles are equipped with pantographs on the roof as well as pantographs at the bogies (for the power supply by live rail in the metro section). Operator of the tramway and metro system is the → GVB, what means "Gemeentevervoerbedrijf".
Public Transport / Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary / Brno
The South Moravian city of Brno is the second largest city in the Czech Republic after Prague, with a population of almost 400,000. It also has the second-largest tram network in the Czech Republic with a system length of approx. 70 kilometres. The trams and buses in Brno are operated by → DPMB (Dopravní podnik města Brna).