Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, has an extensive tramway network with a length of over 140 kilometres. There are also three Metro (underground) lines with an overall length of approx. 60 kilometres. An additional component of the urban rail system is the funicular onto the Petřín hill with a height difference of 130 metres on a lenght of 500 metres. The operator of all three means of transport and the buses is the municipal company → DPP ("Dopravní podnik hlavního města Prahy a. s.").
The South Moravian city of Brno is the second largest city in the Czech Republic after Prague, with a population of almost 400,000. It also has the second-largest tram network in the Czech Republic with a system length of approx. 70 kilometres. The trams and buses in Brno are operated by → DPMB (Dopravní podnik města Brna).
The city of Plzeň (Pilsen) is located in the west of Bohemia and has a population of almost 170,000. It has a comparatively small tram network with a system length of approx. 17 kilometres. The trams as well as the buses are operated by → PMDP (Plzeňské městské dopravní podniky a. s.)
The city of Ostrava is situated in the east of the Czech Republic not far from the borders with Poland and Slovakia. With about 300,000 inhabitants, it is the third largest city in the Czech Republic. It has a standard-gauge tram network with a system length of approx. 65 kilometres. The trams are operated by → DPO (Dopravní podnik Ostrava).
The city of Liberec is located in the north of the Czech Republic in the border triangle near the German and Polish border and has a population of 100,000. It has a metre-gauge interurban tram line to Jablonec nad Nisou (12 kilometers away) as well as an inner city tramway, which was rebuilt on the standard gauge tracks (1,435 mm) in the 1990s. Operator of the tram and bus lines in both cities is → DPMLJ ("Dopravní podnik měst Liberce a Jablonce nad Nisou").
The tram network in Most consists of an inner city route and an interurban line to the neighboring town of Litvinov. The system length is 18 kilometres. The history of the tram is as interesting as that of the city: in the 1970s, the city had to make room for the extending brown coal mining in the area. It was demolished and rebuilt two kilometres south, but almost entirely from prefabricated buildings. Accordingly, the tram within Most was also completely re-arranged until 1978. The interurban tram was already developed to a completely double-track rapid connection in the 1960s. The trams are operated by → DPmML (Dopravní podnik měst Mostu a Litvínova, a.s.)
The city of Košice is located in the east of Slovakia, about 80 kilometres from the border with Ukraine. With about 250,000 inhabitants, it is the second largest metropolitan area in the country and the only city in the country with a tram network beside the capital Bratislava. The network has a system length of approx. 35 kilometres, the trams run on standard-gauge tracks. The historic old town is unfortunately bypassed by the tram, the rest of the city is rather unsightly, as it is a city with an industrial background. The tram as well as the city buses are operated by → DPMK (Dopravný podnik mesta Košice).
The Hungarian capital has a great tramway network operating on more than 150 kilometres of route. There is also a metro (underground) network, which consists of four routes. It´s worth to visit the metro line M1, the Millennium Underground Railway ('Földalatti'), which was opened in 1896 as Europe's second underground railway past London and has a very small tunnel profile and appropriately small trains. The whole public transport in Budapest is operated by → BKV ('Budapesti Közlekedési Zártkörűen Működő Részvénytársaság').
The city of Szeged is located in the south of Hungary, not far from the borders with Serbia and Romania. The town, which has a population of about 170,000, has a tram network with a system length of about 20 kilometres. The Tram as well as the buses are operated by → SZKT (Szegedi Közlekedési Társaság = Szeged Transport Company).
The city of Debrecen is located east of Hungary about 30 kilometres off the Romanian border. With a population of more than 200,000, it is the second-largest city in Hungary. Debrecen has two tram routes with a common branch from the station to the city centre and about 10 kilometres of track length. The trams are operated by → DKV (Debreceni Közlekedési Vállalat).
The city of Miskolc is located in the north-east of Hungary, not far from the Slovakian border. It has about 170,000 inhabitants and one tram route with about 12 kilometers of length, served by line No. 1. Approximately halfway down terminates the line No. 2, which turns around a block of houses with two separate stops in the reversing loop. The tram and the city buses are operated by → MVK (Miskolc Városi Közlekedési Zrt.).